Ayman Fouad Sayyid (ed.)

Ayman Fouad Sayyid (ed.) Faḍl al-iʿtizāl wa-ṭabaqāt al-muʿtazila

Faḍl al-iʿtizāl wa-ṭabaqāt al-muʿtazila

Orient Institut Beirut

Klaus Schwarz Verlag
Sprache: Arabisch
1. Auflage ()
Hardcover, 608 Seiten
ISBN 9783879977055

Biblio­theca Isla­mica Vol. 55

This edition contains a collec­tion of three early texts on the Muʿta­zila written by eminent members of that move­ment that eluci­date its history and the main tenets and prin­ci­ples. They also present the adher­ents of this theo­lo­gical school of thought, ordered into twelve “classes” (ṭabaqāt).
Up to the middle of the twen­tieth century, rese­ar­chers of the Muʿta­zila had to rely on outside sources, often written by oppon­ents in the aim of refu­ting the ideas and prin­ci­ples of the move­ment. In the early 1950s, the Egyp­tian Mini­stry of Educa­tion, under Minister Taha Husayn, sent a dele­ga­tion of scho­lars to Yemen to search for manu­scripts and bring back copies for the National Library of Egypt (Dār al-Kutub al-Miṣriyya) in Cairo. Among the most important manu­scripts that became known at that time were some Muʿta­zili texts. The collec­tion of this volume pres­ents parts of the Kitāb al-Maqālat of Abū l-Qāsim al-Balkhī, a text entitled Faḍl al-iʿtizāl wa-ṭabaqāt al-muʿta­zila attri­buted to al-Qādi ʿAbd al-Jabbār, and parts of the Sharḥ ʿuyūn al-masāʾil by al-Ḥākim al-Jushamī.
Abū al-Qāsim al-Balkhī (d. 319/931) was in his lifetime an eminent leader of the Baghdad group. Of the many writings attri­buted to him, only three works are extant: Kitāb al-Maqālat, ʿUyūn al-wasāʾil wa-l-jawābāt, Qabūl al-akhbār wa-maʿrifat al-rijāl.
al-Qādi ʿAbd al-Jabbār (d. 415/1024) belonged to the most promi­nent members of the late Muʿta­zila and a leader of the school of Basra. A prolific writer, a number of his works have come down to our time, among them al-Mughnī fī al-abwāb al-ʿadl wa-l-tawḥīd, Tathbīt dalāʾil al-nubuwwa, and the Uṣūl al-khamsa.
al-Ḥākim al-Jushamī (d. 494/1100) was a well-known expo­nent of the Basrian school of which he was a well-known expo­nent. Among his extant writings are al-Tahdhīb fī l-tafsīr, Sharḥ ʿuyūn al-masāʾil, and al-Taʾthīr wa-l-muʾa­ththir.

The edition of this one-volume collec­tion was prepared by Fouad Sayyid who had been a member of the Egyp­tian scho­larly mission to Yemen in 1952. At that time, he was the head of the manu­script depart­ment of the National Library of Egypt. Unfort­u­na­tely, he could not bring it to publi­ca­tion. The editor of this updated version is his son Ayman Fouad Sayyid who prepared the text for publi­ca­tion, the indices and the new intro­duc­tion. A well- nown expert of medieval Islamic history, he is professor at al-Azhar Univer­sity.