Nur Sobers-Khan

Nur Sobers-Khan Slaves Without Shackles

Slaves Without Shackles

Forced Labour and Manumission in the Galata Court Registers, 1560-1572

Studien zur Sprache, Geschichte und Kultur der Turkvölker 20

Klaus Schwarz Verlag
Sprache: Englisch
1. Auflage ()
Hardcover, 384 Seiten
ISBN 9783879974368
Verfügbarkeit: sofort lieferbar
88.00 € 

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This disser­ta­tion consists in a micro­his­to­rical study of the social and cultural context of slavery in the early modern Ottoman Empire and Eastern Medi­ter­ra­nean. Using a wide selec­tion of primary sources in Arabic, Ottoman, Persian and various Euro­pean languages, it examines the slave popu­la­tion recorded in the Ottoman sharī'a court regis­ters (1560‐1572 AD) of Galata, a neigh­bour­hood of Istanbul.
Based on evidence from the court regis­ters, the origins of the slaves, their rates of reli­gious conver­sion, and the nature of slave labour in Galata are examined. A detailed analysis of the descrip­tions of slaves in the court regis­ters and contem­porary lite­ra­ture illu­mi­nates the cultural construct of slavery in sixte­enth‐­cen­tury Istanbul, and it is argued that the contem­porary discourses (legal, literary and pseu­do­s­ci­en­tific) surroun­ding slavery allow us to recon­struct the Ottoman arti­cu­la­tion of diffe­rence and sixte­enth‐­cen­tury Ottoman under­stan­dings of slavery.
Further­more, it is argued that the early modern Ottoman Empire encou­raged the manu­mis­sion and inte­g­ra­tion of skilled slaves into the urban social hier­archy; the capture and ensla­ve­ment of skilled indi­vi­duals, parti­cu­larly in the context of sixte­enth‐­cen­tury Ottoman maritime expan­sion, dispo­sited as a method of increa­sing levels of Ottoman manpower and recrui­ting skilled labour into Ottoman elite house­holds.
In addi­tion to presen­ting empi­rical findings concer­ning early modern slavery gathered from the court regis­ters, this disser­ta­tion also pres­ents the study of slavery as a frame­work for analy­sing the construc­tion of iden­tity in the early modern Medi­ter­ra­nean and argues for a new metho­do­lo­gical approach to reading the Ottoman court regis­ters.