Pál Fodor

Pál Fodor The Business of State

The Business of State

Ottoman Finance Administration and Ruling Elites in Transition (1580s-1615)

Studien zur Sprache, Geschichte und Kultur der Turkvölker 28

Klaus Schwarz Verlag
Langue: anglais
1. Edition ()
Hardcover, 402 pages
ISBN 9783879974771

Based on original Ottoman sources, the author traces the trans­for­ma­tion of the finan­cial and admi­ni­s­t­ra­tive system of the Ottoman Empire at the turn of the 17th century. The changes were made necessary by the burgeo­ning budget deficit, a conse­qu­ence of over­spen­ding by the over­sized Ottoman state. The author proves that the pheno­mena previously thought to be signs of decline were in fact aspects of a well-cons­i­dered reform program, dismant­ling step by step the centra­lized redi­s­tri­bu­tive system. As part of this process, most of the state func­tions were priva­tised, and the offi­cials were forced to under­take their jobs as private entre­p­re­neurs. Meanwhile, a radical over­haul of the taxa­tion system provided the extra resources needed for the main­tenance of the system, with the reforms being largely financed by the working and tax-paying popu­la­tion. An important conclu­sion of the book, with rele­vance beyond Ottoman history, is that while a state can be moder­nised without moder­ni­sing society, such a course will dimi­nish the capa­city for renewal in the long run. The volume provides useful infor­ma­tion and insights not only for specia­lists in Ottoman history but also for those who are inte­rested in the Islamic world, the state and moder­ni­sa­tion.