Wolfhart Heinrichs (Hg.)

Wolfhart Heinrichs (Hg.)

Orient Institut Beirut

Klaus Schwarz Verlag
1. Auflage ()
Hardcover, 313 Seiten
ISBN 9783879976621
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Band 32. 2nd edition, Beirut 2018 (1st edition 1987), arabic/german

Author: Sulaimān Ibn-ʿAbd-al-Qawī aṭ-Ṭūfī
The book ‘Alam al-jadhal fī ‘ilm al-jadal gives an impres­sive over­view about the theo­lo­gical and juri­dical know­ledge in the 8th/14th century. Dispute and the tech­nique of deba­ting, “jadal”, which is one of the most important pillars of Islamic law (uṣūl al-fiqh) is well applied by al-Ṭufī. He recon­s­i­dered the state of the ‘ulūm al-Qur’ān of his time that would become struc­tured and orga­nized into eighty bran­ches only some gene­ra­tions later by Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūṯī. In the Qur’ān itself dispute (jadal) plays an important role in the rela­ti­onship to reli­gious communi­ties in the contex­tual environ­ment of the first liste­ners of the Qur’ān during the lifetime of the prophet Muḥammad. Apolo­getical and even pole­mical disputes on reli­gious and theo­lo­gical cont­ents forms itself an inte­gral part of Qur’ānic discourse in a multi­re­li­gious environ­ment that al-Ṭūfī redis­co­vers and rede­fines for his own time. By giving deep insight into theo­lo­gical and juri­dical know­ledge of diffe­rent discur­sive tradi­tions, al-Ṭūfī explains as well the practice and tech­nique of deba­ting within an Arabic and Islamic frame­work.
Najm al-Dīn al-Ṭūfī al-Ḥanbalī (d. 716/1316) was one of the most important theo­lo­gians and Ḥadīth scho­lars of his time. During his lifetime al-Ṭūfī was often misun­der­stood and accused as a Shī‘ī scholar due to his theo­lo­gical and juri­dical views that repre­sented alter­na­tive Ḥanbalī approa­ches to Islamic juri­s­pru­dence and Qur’ānic sciences. In contrast to his contem­porary Ibn Ṭaimiyya, al-Ṭūfī unfort­u­na­tely remains less known in both scho­larship and in Muslim discourses.
The book is a reprint of the 1987 edition by Wolf­hart Hein­richs, who was a distin­gu­ished James Richard Jewett professor of Arabic in Harvard. He died in 2014.