Oman's Basic Statute and Human Rights
Protections and Restrictions – with a Focus on Nationality, Shura, and Freedom of Association
Hussain S. Alsalmi
Klaus Schwarz Verlag
1. Auflage (2012)
Hardcover, 347 Seiten
Recent developments in several Arab states in 2011 in what is now dubbed the 'Arab Spring', have refocused and placed human rights and freedoms norms at the forefront of many Arab states’ agenda. Over the last two decades or so there have been some developments in Gulf States in the areas of human rights and developments. However, substantial oil and gas revenues have served as a basis for social and economic development and Government largesse in providing basic needs has generally kept at bay demands for political freedoms in comparison to other parts of the world.
This study seeks to answer the main question: To what extent is the application of human rights and freedoms set forth in the Oman Basic Statute compatible with international conventions?
It aims to evaluate the importance of the constitution in Oman, and the extent to which it has succeeded in incorporating international human rights’ standards while walking the tightrope of reconciling this with core traditional social customs and Islamic values. It analyses the compatibility of constitutional and national laws and practice with international human rights standards and assesses current trends and policies.
Three case studies for different rights and freedoms are conducted to explore the guarantees and weaknesses of different rights in practice. These are the areas of nationality 'as individual right' which is very important under the Omani system as it is the direct link to enjoyment of other rights and freedoms. The Shura is the second case study as a political right or a collective right which represents public participation in Oman. Finally, the Freedom of Association, as an example for the freedom of expression and opinion, which represents individual and group rights together.
This research evaluation analyses in detail the developments since the promulgation of the Basic Statute in December 1996 but stretches to encompass developments till the status to the end of 2011.